Congressional Soils Caucus Briefings
The CSCA helps organize briefings for the caucus on a variety of soil issues. All briefing topics are chosen by members of the caucus and are pertinent to new legislation or current issues. For each briefing the CSCA helps create a one-pager, which is a one page informational sheet that outlines important information on the briefing topic. Below is a list of past briefings:
Reclaiming Energy's Footprint: Restoring the Land After Coal, Oil & Gas Development
The American Society of Agronomy (ASA), the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), and the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), in conjunction with the Congressional Soils Caucus and the Congressional Western Caucus, hosted a Congressional briefing entitled: Reclaiming Energy's Footprint: Restoring the Land After Coal, Oil & Gas Development. Panelists explained how land reclamation practices ensure that the impacts to the environment from energy development will be held to a minimum and that land will be returned to a condition where its productivity and capabilities are similar to those which existed prior to mining or drilling. Read the briefing press release here.
Presentations from Reclamation briefing:
From Vacant Lots to Vegetable Plots: Converting Brownfields to Urban Wealth
The American Society of Agronomy (ASA), the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), and the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), in conjunction with the U.S. House of Representatives Urban Caucus, hosted a Congressional briefing entitled: From Vacant Lots to Vegetable Plots: Converting Brownfields to Urban Wealth. Panelists explained how Brownfields can be converted into urban farms and gardens to provide social, economic, and health benefits for the community. Read the briefing press release here.
Presentations from Brownfields and Urban Ag:
Nutrient Management and the Chesapeake Bay
The American Society of Agronomy (ASA), the Council on Food, Agricultural and Resouce Economics (C-FARE), the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), and the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) hosted a briefing titled: Nutrient Management & the Chesapeake Bay Experience: Economic and Environmental Considerations. Notable experts presented on the topic, including University of Maryland Soil Scientist and ASA-SSSA member Josh McGrath, Pennsylvania Certified Crop Adviser Eric Rosenbaum, Penn State University Professor of Agricultural and Environmental Economics Dr. James Shortle, and Southeastern Pennsylvania dairy and chicken farm operator Luke Brubaker.
Presentations from Nutrient Management and the Chesapeake Bay:
Farming after the Flood Briefing
The American Society of Agronomy (ASA) and the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) sponsored a Congressional educational briefing, “Farming after the Flood”, on October 26th. The briefing focused on the impacts, mitigation approaches, and costs related to farmland flooding. Three speakers provided information on these main aspects of flooding; they were Scott Olson, a farmer from Tekamah, NE; John Wilson, an extension educator with the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension; and James Callan, a crop insurance consultant.
View Scott Olson's Presentation: The 2011 Missouri River Flood: One Farmer's Story Part 1 (PDF)
View Scott Olson's Presentation: The 2011 Missouri River Flood: One Farmer's Story Part 2 (PDF)
View John Wilson's Presentation: Farming after the Flood (PDF)
View James Callan's Presentation: Federal Crop Insurance Program (PDF)
Bringing Urban Agriculture to Life: A Story of Revitalizing Leadership, Health, and Soil in Urban Communities
The American Society for Nutrition (ASN), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), and the Council on Food, Agricultural & Resource Economics (C-FARE) sponsored Bringing Urban Agriculture to Life, on Monday, May 9. The Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that 250 million hungry individuals live in cities. These residents often rely on food sources that originate far beyond the city limits. However, urban agriculture programs, which cultivate, process, and distribute food in or around metropolitan areas, are now cropping-up across the United States. Urban agriculture increases the access that residents have to fresh fruits and vegetables, providing better nutritional options for city-dwellers and influencing food security. While there are numerous advantages associated with urban agriculture, for there to be economic or nutritional benefits, program management must result in sufficient crop yield and empower urban farmers. By integrating materials and resources available to improve soil fertility and tilth into urban agricultural programs, assisting with land tenure issues, and increasing access to micro-lending, municipalities can positively impact the health and well-being of their residents.
Wildfires have shaped plant communities and soils for as long as vegetation and lightning have existed on earth. Flora, fauna and soil native to a given ecosystem are adapted to the historic range of variation in the fire regime for that system. To adequately assess the impact of these disturbances, more integrated research on wildfires is needed.
Climate and Agriculture: Food and Farming in a Changing Climate
On Wednesday, June 16, 2010, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), and Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics (C-FARE) sponsored two congressional briefings on agricultural adaptation to climate change. At the briefings, experts stated that cropping systems may require a more diverse array of crops to help communities adapt to warmer temperatures, unexpected cold snaps, heavy rainfall, drought, and other extremes. Changing rainfall patterns and intensities, air temperatures, and cropping seasons will require adapting traditional agricultural systems to a new climate, creating new production opportunities and challenges.
The Essence of Earth and Wine: Terroir
Carbon Farming Briefing
Agricultural land in the U.S. has the capacity to sequester about 650 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) every year, offsetting up to 11 % of U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions annually (Lal et al., 2003). Farmers, ranchers, and foresters, implementing best management practices (BMPs) such as cover crops, no-tillage, and nutrient management, play an important role in sequestering carbon.
Greater demands are being placed on soils as we continue food and feedstock production and expand the use of soils for biofuel production. Failure to maintain this vital natural resource will jeopardize food and feedstock production, biomass production, grower profitability, water quality, ecological longevity, and environmental health. A major challenge will be to sustain soil quality while increasing biomass production.